Fans of old vinyl records will not hiss at this news: The Internet Archive and the Archive of Contemporary Music are attempting to preserve and digitize every single remaining rpm vinyl album, and they’re putting each of these recordings online, for free. Via Laughing Squid , we learn that something called the Great 78 Project is collecting old 78 records by the hundreds of thousands, digitizing them, and posting them so you can stream them. Record speeds were not standardized until As the decades marched on, those vinyl records endured among collectors while the mass market turned its tastes to 8-track cartridges, then cassette tapes, then compact discs, and now the digital format into which these old treasures are being converted. Robinson, Con Conrad. Their Twitter feed posts another new one pretty every minutes. But reading their FAQs, it does not appear they will ship those old records back to you. Every single 78 in existence sounds like a pretty impossible goal. But with nearly a quarter million already archived and an estimated three million in existence, they are on their way to the hitting the ten percent mark.

The 78rpm Record Home Page

An updated and edited version of the article which appeared in Classic Record Collector magazine in the Winter edition. By kind permission of the Editor. Of all the tasks to be carried out when transferring 78rpm discs, perhaps the most difficult and potentially contentious is that of pitching the recordings correctly. The term ’78rpm’ is somewhat misleading because, as many readers will have found to their cost, discs in the days before LP were delightfully if frustratingly non-standardized, in both recording characteristics and speed.

Much of the problem stemmed from the fact that recording turntables, like all mechanical devices, were subject to manufacturing tolerances to a greater or lesser degree, which in turn affected performance.

78 RPM records: EQ, getting rid of crackles and surface noise. Performance of 78 records Manufacturing Date, Conical stylus, Elliptical stylus. Pre

Soon, however, fewer and fewer people will remember the age of the 78rpm record, the preferred vehicle for the music of the early 20th century. From classical and opera to blues, bluegrass, swing, ragtime, gospel, Hawaiian, and holiday novelties the 78 epitomizes the sounds of its heyday as much as any of the media mentioned above. These are brittle records made from shellac, a resin secreted by beetles. They were often played on appliances that doubled as quality parlor furniture.

Thanks now to the Internet Archive, that stalwart of digital cataloguing and curation, we can play twenty five thousand 78s and immerse ourselves in the early 20th century, whether for research purposes or pure enjoyment. The current effort seeks to go beyond popularity and collect everything, from the rarest and strangest to the already historic. You can hear several selections here, and thousands more at this archive of 78s uploaded by audio-visual preservation company, George Blood, L.

Other 78rpm archives from volunteer collectors and the ARChive of Contemporary Music are being digitized and uploaded as well. None of these recordings were even made in stereo.


Life is a kick. We leave this world just as we came into it: helpless and unable to eat solid foods. For me it was about 50 or so. Just more aches and pains.

But for a very small – and influential – group of music aficionados, there’s nothing more serious than the 78 RPM record. It’s one of popular.

Here you’ll find articles on local and foreign 78rpm records, plus my work to date on creating a dating guide for Australian and New Zealand issued 78s. You’ll also find lots of stuff relating to my collecting interest in the copyright royalty stamps found on these old records, and other interesting NZ stamps. Australian and New Zealand 78rpm recordings A comprehensive list of Australasian record labels, or series particular to Australasia, with issue dates where known.

Many images. An alphabetical listing of labels and series pressed in or especially for New Zealand, with images. Includes lacquers.

78 Records Production

Moran personally determined what he believed to be the proper playing speeds for these recordings and added them to EDVR entries. The question of correct playing speeds for “78 rpm” recordings has been a vexatious one for many years. No written record appears to have been maintained in the early recording studios of the turntable speeds when a recording was made.

A deviation in speed of 4 rpm revolutions per minute changes the pitch and thus the key by one half tone.

Dusty Groove is Chicago’s Online Record Store — Jazz, Soul, Funk, Hip Hop, R&B, Latin, Brazil, African, World Music, Avant, Rock, Blues & more LPs, CDs, vinyl.

Check out the Internet Archive when you have some hours to kill, link below Does anybody else in the group buy and play 78 rpm records? If so, do you play them on vintage equipment? I do and I love it! I went to his house on Saturday Sept. Turned out the guy is a record dealer and he wasn’t able to sell these anywhere he went.

Disc Playback Speed

Search our index for information on classical and popular 78rpm recordings from HMV, RCA, Victor, Brunswick and Columbia as well as other record companies from the 78rpm era…. See our blog for the latest additions, changes and developments regarding this major project. Do you have a discography you’d like to add to this free, research project?

Contact us.

Dating 78 RPM recordings. Print sources. Daniels, William R. The American 45 and 78 rpm record dating guide, Westport, Conn.

Help – Search – Members – Calendar. Full Version: Dating old 78 rpm record. This is a picture of probably the oldest record in my collection, and I was wondering how old it was exactly. But also engraved in the wax is the following text: “patented nov 25, “. Also, according to the label, Columbia apparently won a Grand Prize in St. Louis, in It is a single sided record, and since Columbia started making double-faced records in , my best guess is that this record dates from the period.

Maybe one of you guys or gals can help me narrow this down?

Frequently Asked Questions

This audio format consists of a grooved disc made of shellac, lacquer, vinyl, or aluminum. Discs may have a metal, resin, cardboard, or glass core. The modulated sound information is inscribed in the surface material in grooves, which are played back using a needle or stylus. Phonograph records emerged in the late s and ruled as the predominant format for recorded sound from the s through the late s.

All grooved disc media must be played back at the appropriate recording speed. They also require appropriate styli for optimal playback fidelity and to reduce disc damage along with equipment that can support the discs’ diameters.

During and after World War II when shellac supplies were extremely limited, some 78 rpm records were pressed in vinyl instead of shellac.

See what’s new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Search icon An illustration of a magnifying glass. User icon An illustration of a person’s head and chest. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book. Books Video icon An illustration of two cells of a film strip.

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78s We Buy

The term 78 to describe the record refers to the revolutions per minute it makes around a record player. Prior to the late s all 78 records were made from shellac and then dyed a particular color black being the most prominent but also red and green were popular. However, World War II would have a dramatic effect on the 78 records production.

Shellac is a resin that comes from the lac bug. The main sources for shellac were from the Malay Peninsula and French Indochina, both under Japanese occupation by the s.

Most commonly, however, vintage disc records are referred to as ’78s’, referring to a speed of 78 revolutions per minute (rpm). However, the 78 speed was not fully.

Jump to navigation. What makes a record rare? Broadly, a record is sought after by collectors when it falls into one of the following categories:. Collector Vijay Nafrey who boasts that every record in his collection approximately 6, old 78s is a rare gem, mentions films like Ladli and Lajawab and P. Santoshi’s Sangeeta as priceless, since the negatives of the films were burnt a long time ago.

Another avid collector, R. Srinivasan, possesses the ultimate in antique records. Referred to as white labelled records, these were never released in the market. Srinivasan holds two 78s of Sadiq’s Saiyan. Rumours have it that the producer Sadiq and the music director Sajjad had a difference of opinion and the regards were not released.

Discographical sources for 78 RPM recordings

Submit a New Question. Album Photos. Release Links. General Discussion. High Effort and Unique Posts. Be sure to use the search bar to browse for your answer – you just may find what you’re looking for!

I own a bunch of 78s and some appear to be the shellac ones, they have chips on the edges, but a few marked unbreakable seem to be just as heavy and thick.

Beginning in , Columbia Records continued development of this technology. Peter Goldmark and his staff undertook exhaustive efforts to address problems of recording and playing back narrow grooves and developing an inexpensive, reliable consumer playback system. The EP discs typically emulated the playing time of the former 78 rpm discs, while the LP discs provided up to one-half hour of time per side. In late , a system of cutting and playing back stereo was devised and generally accepted by the industry.

Consumer acceptance of stereo LPs was somewhat cautious initially but grew steadily during the early s, and the industry largely discontinued production of conventional monaural LP records and playback equipment by Similarly, the introduction of high-quality but expensive quadraphonic four channel reel-to-reel tapes and 8-track tape cartridges in led to the introduction of quadraphonic vinyl records, which arrived on the market in Although public interest was initially high, the lack of compatibility between the three competing SQ, QS, and CD-4 formats prompted the eventual commercial failure of quadraphonic LP records.

Homophone Date Codes.

General Dating 78 RPM recordings: print online Catalogs by: company name: print online genre, medium of performance, etc. Discography of American historical recordings. Daniels, William R. The American 45 and 78 rpm record dating guide, Westport, Conn.

Homophone & Invicta Date Codes. The Homophone codes were first written up by Peter Hulpusch. (“Dating Homophone Records”: Record Collector Vol.

By continuing to use the forum you conform your acceptance of these. If you are not happy to accept these you must stop using the forum and delete our cookies from your browser. Re: year old 78RPM record. I only started collecting 78 records a little over 3 years ago, after buying an old wind-up Columbia gramophone at a car boot sale. Naturally I wanted some more records to play on it.

By chance I found a box of old 78s in an antique shop in Eton, Berkshire, just opposite Windsor Castle on the other side of the River Thames.

Play a 78 rpm Record with a Toothpick